Malignant melanoma is defined as malignant melanocyte damage. Melanocytes are responsible for the production of melanin in our body.


What is the cause of malignant melanoma

The reasons that increase the chance of someone developing malignant melanoma are:

  • Prolonged exposure to the sun
  • Light skin
  • Skin with olives or freckles
  • Family history of melanoma


Symptoms of malignant melanoma

Malignant melanoma appears in some olive of the body showing changes. Usually the symptoms are dark spots of irregular size.


Diagnosis of malignant melanoma

To diagnose melanoma malignancy, a biopsy is required in the area where the malignancy appears. The doctor takes a small sample and conducts an examination under the microscope.


Treatment for malignant melanoma

The treatment given to the patient is decided by the doctor according to the extent of the lesion. When the lesion is superficial and has not penetrated the skin, surgical removal of the spot is recommended. However, when the lesion has progressed and has affected other organs, then the method of radiotherapy or chemotherapy is recommended..


Prevention against melanoma malignancy

It is very important to observe any changes that olives show in our body such as:

  • Increase in size
  • Asymmetry
  • Change in color
  • Itching
  • Bleeding

These changes are considered suspicious and we should visit our dermatologist. General measures that can help prevention are to wear clothes that do not allow the penetration of ultraviolet radiation, to put sunscreen before sun exposure and to renew it often. Prolonged sun exposure should also be avoided, especially during the summer months and at noon.


The appropriate specialty

The right doctor for malignant melanoma is the Dermatologist – Venereologist